Testosterone - a sex hormone. Formed from cholesterol testes in men, in small amounts created by the ovaries in women. Also in small quantities produced by the adrenal cortex. It defines the basic physiological processes. It is playing a crucial role in the development of the male body.
Description and norm
The hormone promotes the accumulation of muscle mass, burning excess fat and regulate bone density. Participates in the timely formation of secondary male sexual characteristics. In the female body hormone also plays an important role: it has an impact on the development of mammary glands, especially during pregnancy. Read about hormones, which similarly affect the male and female organisms.
Normal testosterone hormone in the body is regulated by the characteristics of each men separately and dependent on age. At the age of 13 to 18 years the rate is 0,98-38,5 nmol / L, the number of adult males ranges from 8.64 to 29 nmol / L. With the maturation decreases the amount of testosterone. Female rate is low: 0,39-1,95 nmol / L.
Testosterone and food
To increase the level of the hormone eat foods that are rich in zinc and magnesium. It oysters, veal liver, wheat bran, milk, cottage cheese, cashews, almonds and pistachios. Pay attention to Vitamin E - contained in nuts, dried fruits and oils (vegetable, cotton). Start the day with porridge - food is high in fiber, which also affects the hormone levels.
To reduce testosterone consume more soy products (tofu, soy milk and cheese). Limit your intake of fat, avoid refined carbohydrates (sweets, ice cream, chocolate, soft drinks). Add menu milled flax seeds, rich omez-3 fatty acids. Linen can be added as an additive in cereal or yogurt.
Low level is accompanied by a variety of genetic diseases, underdevelopment, or damage to the testicles, infertility, diseases of the hypothalamus (the area in the diencephalon that regulates the activity of the brain) and the pituitary (endocrine gland that is responsible for growth and development).
Elevated levels indicate testicular tumors, adrenal glands. It manifested in hyperthyroidism (increased thyroid gland, increasing its activity) and hyperplasia (increase in organ size). In women, hormone levels increase in ovarian tumors or other problems with the reproductive system.