Vasopressin (or antidiuretic hormone) is formed in neurons of the hypothalamus large cell - a small area in the diencephalon, which includes a large number of cells. The hormone travels in the neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary, endocrine gland responsible for the development and growth of the body), and then there is its accumulation.
Description and norm
The main function of vasopressin - regulation of water metabolism in the human body. Vasopressin increases the reabsorption of water increases the volume of blood in the blood vessels, the amount of water in the tissues, and reduces the amount of sodium in the blood. Antidiuretic hormone influences the tone of smooth muscles of the body, carrying out the strengthening and normalization of pressure vessels.
The rate of hormone is not defined between people's standards - all the results depend on the specific methods and reagents are used in laboratories in the analysis. The approximate amount of hormone vasopressin in healthy adult - from 1 to 5 pg / ml.
Vasopressin and food
To increase the hormone level is recommended to consume food fruits and vegetables. Eat more lean meat and fish, and eggs. Diversify your diet foods rich in phosphorus: this is nuts, seeds, herbs, milk products. Such a diet is especially recommended with diabetes insipidus - a disease that is caused by low amounts of the hormone vasopressin in the body.
To reduce the level of antidiuretic hormone is recommended to consume foods rich in sodium: it grains and cereals (buckwheat, millet bread), mushrooms, cucumbers, pears, cottage cheese. From meat - beef, veal, pork. Also increase the consumption of seafood.
Too low hormone levels may lead to the development of diabetes insipidus. Symptoms of the disease: the reuptake of water blunted, allocated an increased amount of urine. Associated symptoms: excessive thirst, headaches, dry skin, fever, low blood pressure, weight loss.
Too high level indicates a fairly rare disease - a syndrome Parhona. The disease is accompanied by a low-density plasma, concentrated urine, and hyponatremia (a condition which is characterized by decrease in the concentration of sodium ions). The patient feels cramps, headache, and weakness. Weight increases and lost appetite. coma, and death may occur in severe cases.