The second hormone produced in the pituitary gland, which coordinates the function of sexual glands and is included in the group of gonadotropins (along with follicle-stimulating hormone). Before puberty there is a substance in the body in small amounts, but with maturity pituitary receives the signal and there is an active release of luteinizing hormone in the blood.
Description and norm
The role of the hormone is important both for female and for male body - it helps to maintain the reproductive capacity. The hormone activates the growth and development of follicles (ovarian structural components) before ovulation, is responsible for the development of women's bodies, it controls the secretion of many female hormones. The men responsible for the growth of testes, production of testosterone and male reproductive cells.
In other words, a hormone responsible for maintaining performance of the ovaries, uterus in women and male testes. While hormone levels are normal, a woman can get pregnant and give birth to a baby (in the absence of non-hormone pathologies). Normal znacheniyalyuteiniziruyuschego hormone in men - from 1.7 to 8.6 mIU / ml.Zhenskie indicators depend on the particular periodamenstrualnogo cycle and range from 1 to 59 mIU / mL.
How to increase the hormone levels?
If the analysis reveals a drop of luteinizing hormone, the body in need of treatment. The amount of the hormone increase using of drugs and diet. The patient should take foods that are rich in vitamins B6, C, zinc and magnesium. As much as possible drink milk, eggs, fat cheese, potatoes, spinach. From meat - rabbit meat, chicken and fatty rybu.Takzhe eat as much fresh fruit (bananas are ideal and apples). It is recommended to get rid of the harmful health bad habits (alcohol and smoking)
Too high levels of the hormone to a violation of the connection between the gonads (ovaries and testes) and the hypothalamus (an area in the midbrain with a large number of cells that are responsible for the neuroendocrine processes in the body). Increasing characteristic menopause, but can also be a consequence of the following diseases: development of physical abnormalities, problems in the functioning ovaries.
Low levels of LH hormone associated with reduced quantity and quality of sperm in men, women accompanied amenorrhea (lack of menstrual periods over several cycles). Signals are also injuries and tumors of the hypothalamus, hereditary diseases and a variety of functional disorders.